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Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is an organization under Government of India to recruit staff for various posts in the various Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and in Subordinate Offices.
This commission is an attached office of the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) which consists of Chairman, two Members and a Secretary-cum-Controller of Examinations. His post is equivalent to the level of Additional Secretary to the Government of India.
The Estimates committee in the Parliament recommended the setting up of a Service Selection Commission in its 47th report (1967–68) for conducting examinations to recruit lower categories of posts. Later, in the Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms, on 4 November 1975 Government of India constituted a commission called Subordinate Service Commission. On 26 September 1977, Subordinate Services Commission was renamed as Staff Selection Commission. The functions of Staff Selection Commission were redefined by The Government of India through Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions on 21 May 1999. Then the new constitution and functions of Staff Selection Commission came into effect from 1 June 1999. Every year SSC conducts the SSC Combined Graduate Level Examination for recruiting non-gazetted officers to various government jobs.
The Services Selection Board has been constituted in exercise of powers conferred by Provision of Section 124 of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir. Pursuant to Section 15 of J&K Civil Services Decentralisation and Recruitment Act 2010, the Rules have been made/notified under SRO 375 of 2010 dated 21-10-2010. The Chairman, Members and Secretary of the Board are deputed/nominated by the government from amongst the in-service IAS/KAS Officers or the persons of high repute in the field of education as per rules, the selection/ recruitment to the following Non-Gazetted categories of posts falls within ambit of Services Selection Board:-
"District Cadre" means the cadre of a department in a district comprising all the posts whether executive, ministerial, technical or manipulative the basic pay of which does not exceed the basic pay for the post of Senior Assistant but does not include the posts falling under the Divisional or State Cadre ;
"Divisional Cadre" means the cadre of a department in a Division comprising the following posts :-
(i) all non-gazetted posts the basic pay of which exceeds the basic pay for the post of Senior Assistant but does not exceed the basic pay for the post-of Sectional Officer and does not include the posts falling under the State Cadre ;
(ii) such gazetted posts or services as the Government may from time to time notify in this behalf;
"Government" means the Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir;
"State Cadre" means-(i) the sanctioned strength of all gazetted and non-gazetted posts borne, on the establishment of the headquarter offices of all the departments having jurisdiction over the whole State, No. 6-11 The J&K Govt. Gazette, 10th May, 2010120th Vai., 1932. 3 but does not include the posts borne on the Divisional and District Cadre ; and
(ii) all the gazetted posts borne on the establishment of any department or service of the State except such gazetted posts as may be notified by the Government under sub-clause
The Combined Competitive Examination, or the Kashmir Administrative Services (KAS) Exam in common parlence, is conducted by Jammu and Kashmir Public Services Commission (JKPSC) for direct recruitment to
a. Junior Scale of J&K Administrative Service.
b. J&K Police (Gazetted) Service.
c. J&K Accounts (Gazetted) Service.
The Examination consists of three successive stages:
a. Combined Services Preliminary Examination (Objective Type)
b. Combined Services Mains Examination (Written)
I. Preliminary Examination
The examination will consist of two papers.
Paper I ‐ General Studies (150 marks)
Paper II - One subject to be selected from the list of specified optional subjects (300 marks).II. Mains Examination
The written examination shall consist of the following papers:‐
Paper I - General English (300 marks)
Paper II - Essay (150 marks)
Paper III & IV - General Studies (300 marks each)
Papers V, VI, VII & VIII - Any Two Optional Subjects selected from the list of the specified subjects.
List of Optional Subjects:
- Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
- Civil Engineering
- Commerce and Accountancy
- Electrical Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Political Science & International Relations
- Public Administration
Candidates can also choose Literature of one of the following languages:
Arabic, Dogri, English, Hindi, Kashmiri, Persian, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Urdu.III. Interview
It carries 250 marks with no minimum qualifying marks. Failure to appear in the interview shall render a candidate ineligible for being recommended for appointment notwithstanding the marks obitained by him/her in the written examination.
The Indian Civil Service forms the backbone of the Indian government machinery & constitutes all the major departments which run the state & central administration. The three types of services recruited through the Civil Services Examination are All India Services, Central Services, and State Services. To know more about the complete list of services and their posts and pay scale check the CS List of Services.
The Civil Services examination is one of the most prestigious examinations conducted by UPSC. Historically it has been of the most sought after career by young and talented individuals. It has not lost its prestige value amidst the recent popularity of IT and management careers. Civil Services is also popularly known as the IAS exam or the UPSC exam and is considered one the toughest competitive exams in the world with success rate of just 0.1%.
The examination procedure consists of three phases, Preliminary (held in May), Main (held in October/November) and Interview (held in March/April). Every year around 4 lakh people apply (only 50% that is 1.5-2 lakh actually appear in the preliminary exam) for about 900 vacancies. Thus, this whole process of selection takes almost one year. For more information about the examination process, check the Exam Pattern and Exam Instructions.
The approximate number of vacancy for the year 2010 is 965.
Preparation of Civil Services takes a lot of perseverance, hard work, time management, and proper guidance
A good base in general knowledge is important for clearing the civil services exam and for the career ahead. As i had mentioned in a previous post, this job requires broad-based people with a good understanding of the things happening around them. As far as the exam is considered, 600 marks in the GS papers + 200 in essay + 300 in interview depends on your general knowledge base. And off late, the second paper in Public administration is more like a GS paper 3. Thus around 1100-1400 marks depends directly on your general knowledge base.
Preparation for general studies is composed of two parts:
- Conventional topics.
- General knowledge and current affairs.
Before I go into the books, some general points on preparation and approach:
- Make notes as you read. It’s impossible to come back to the text books during revision. Notes should be so comprehensive that once you are done, you would not have to take the text-book again.
- The basic approach should be STUDY-REVISE-IMPROVISE.
- Dont use guides, standard preparatory material or NCERT text books.
- Keep on referring to previous years papers to check if you have missed any topic.
- Prepare for the subjective papers ( i.e mains). Note down extra facts for the prelims as you make descriptive notes. Prelims is just a necessary evil.
Political science, also called government, is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts and political behavior. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as determining the distribution of power and resources. Political scientists "see themselves engaged in revealing the relationships underlying political events and conditions, and from these revelations they attempt to construct general principles about the way the world of politics works."
Political science comprises numerous subfields, including comparative politics, political economy, international relations, political theory, public administration, public policy, and political methodology. Furthermore, political science is related to, and draws upon, the fields of economics, law, sociology, history, philosophy, geography, psychology, and anthropology.
Comparative politics is the science of comparison and teaching of different types of constitutions, political actors, legislature and associated fields, all of them from an intrastate perspective. International relations deals with the interaction between nation-states as well as intergovernmental and transnational organizations. Political theory is more concerned with contributions of various classical and contemporary thinkers and philosophers.
Political science is methodologically diverse and appropriates many methods originating in social research. Approaches include positivism, interpretivism, rational choice theory, behaviouralism, structuralism, post-structuralism, realism, institutionalism, and pluralism. Political science, as one of the social sciences, uses methods and techniques that relate to the kinds of inquiries sought: primary sources such as historical documents and official records, secondary sources such as scholarly journal articles, survey research, statistical analysis, case studies, experimental research, and model building.